Nutritionists and scientists have been known for their outcry while urging people to increase their daily vitamins and supplements intake. Vitamins are organic food nutrients that are only found in plants, animals and living things. They were discovered by Christian Eijkmann. The word originated from the term vitamine used to refer to substances vital to human life and consisted of an amine. They are very essential in any healthy diet. Many dietary supplements have seen addition of the vitamins by a large volume. You get all the major vitamins from healthy eating; taking in a balanced nutrition which places emphasis on natural foods as opposed to processed foods.
According to their solubility, vitamins are categorized into two groups; the water soluble and the fat-soluble. Just like the names have it, water soluble are those which are soluble in water. The main difference between the two is the ability of fat soluble fats to be stored in the body, which is not the case with water soluble vitamins. Water soluble vitamins entail V-B6, thiamin, pantothenic acid and ascorbic acid. Vitamins in the fat soluble category include E, K, A and D.
Vitamins have vital functions in the body. They are required in small quantities for good health and metabolism. They as well as the Minerals have no energy value at all, but on the other hand help in metabolism of nutrients that are supplied by the food ingested. Without vitamins, digestion, absorption and metabolism of nutrients would be impossible. In nutritionists lingo, they are at times referred to as “sparks plug” in the human body. The right balance should be maintained as excessive intake or deficiency can result to chronic and acute ailments.
Vitamins provide shield against diseases. They promote growth and ensure perfect health. It is important to understand that vitamins and supplements are very important in synthesis of hormones, genetic material and blood cells. They act as the go-between or catalysts for these processes. Proteins combine with vitamins to form enzymes which are needed in many functions throughout the body. Without them organs are deemed to fail as many processes will be halted.
Different vitamins play different roles. V-D is responsible for bone formation and preventing bone loss. V-A plays a major role in reproduction and vision while B-1, also known as Thiamine, is very vital in digestion. V-b-3 plays a major role in promoting a glowing skin and an improved sexual drive. V-b-12 plays a major role in red blood cell formation and the nervous system. V-K is known for its ability to induce the healing of wounds through clotting. It is important to include vitamins in your daily diet.
Vitamins fall in the class of micronutrients, which are nutrients required in the body in small quantities. The converse of micronutrients is macronutrients, which represent a group of nutrients that are required by the body in large quantities.